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  • December 31, 2021 10:09 AM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in January! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.


    January 2022:

    Here are the things that you should have done before we had all the snow. Just in case we get a mild spell and some rain to wash away the snow, here are a few things you still can do.
    • Inspect house plants for white flies, spider mites and aphids.
    • Apply insecticidal soap and spray with water.
    • Inspect spring bulbs you may have stored or forgotten about. Discard soft or mouldy ones.
    • Plant left over, not-yet-planted spring bulbs like daffs, tulips etc. in pots with good potting soil and a little bone meal. Water. Put the pots in an unheated garage or garden shed for 6 weeks. Take them inside in February or early March. You should get spring blooms in less than a month.
    • Not much snow yet. If the thaws continue and before all the snow melts away, mound any remaining snow over roses and tender perennials.
    • Cut the branches off your Christmas tree and place them over tender plants to catch the snow. It’s the freeze/thaw cycle that kills the plants.
    • Expand your personal knowledge through on-line courses, plus look online for seed and plant catalogues.
    • Start planning your garden for next spring. I’m already making lists of plants to divide.
    • Make detailed lists; BIG projects, regular maintenance, new plants to buy and plants to divide and donate to the St. George’s Plant Sale, June 4 or 11 2022. Call 519-599-5846 for more info.
    • Google “Seed Catalogue Websites” and see hundreds of seed sources.
    • Order flower and vegetable seeds. Decide which seeds should be started inside.
    • If you can find them, try forcing amaryllis and paperwhite narcissus now for indoor winter bloom that will cheer you up.
    • At the end of the month, start the slowest germinating seeds like begonias and geranium, also seeds for early spring bloom e.g., pansy, verbena, alyssum and dianthus.
    • The Markdale CO-OP, 1-519-986-2031, has a good supply of Triple-19 fertilizer still available. This is the strong agricultural fertilizer to put on top of the snow, only on your flower beds in March. It will fertilize your gardens all summer long. It’s worth the drive to Markdale!       

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • November 26, 2021 12:34 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in December! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.


    December 2021:

    Here are the things that you should have done before we had all the snow. Just in case we get a mild spell and some rain to wash away the snow, here are a few things you still can do.
    • Loosely wrap evergreens and especially rhododendrons with Burlap. It is better to use 3 tomato stakes and make a triangle of burlap 6” away from the plant. The objective is to break the drying wind and shield it from the winter sun.
    • Protect young trees and shrubs from rodents with spiral plastic wraps. I know they are ugly, but they are white to reflect the sun and minimize sun scalding.
    • Hill up the soil or add compost around your hybrid tea roses and other tender plants and shrubs.
    • I place loose straw over my potentially tender phenomenal and Check lavender to create an iglu of protection.
    • Bring in, drain and store all hoses and water related equipment.
    • Wash all your garden tools. Wipe the metal parts with a cloth soaked in 3-in-1oil. If you really want to be fancy, wipe the wooden handles with boiled linseed oil.
    • Make sure you have stocked up on firewood for the winter.
    • With all the snow cover that just arrived, the ground will not be frozen yet. That means, if we get a break in the weather, you can still plant those spring bulbs that you forgot in your garage or basement.
    • I’ve planted tulips on Christmas Day in my garden by the sidewalk in downtown Toronto. An elderly gentleman passed by and asked me, “Whatever are you doing?” I told him “It’s an old Hethrington tradition. I always plant tulips and daffs on Christmas Day”. He shuffled off shaking his head, but there were blooms in April. So, stick them in the ground before it freezes.
    • Inside, check to see that your house humidifier is maintaining the humidity at over 40% to benefit both house plants and people.
    • Put lots of garden tools and garden books on your Christmas list
    • Order seed catalogues and start dreaming about SPRING!
    Merry Christmas from your Beaver Valley Master Gardener!

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • November 01, 2021 8:45 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in November! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    November 2021:

    • I usually recommend a little last-minute deep watering, but with all the rain this year we should be OK until spring.
    • Buy discounted bulbs on sale and get them in the ground. The Grey Heron nursery on Hwy 26 just south of Meaford still has a good selection of a variety of spring bulbs. Your extra efforts will bloom in the spring. See the article "Bulbs, Bulbs, Beautiful Bulbs - Work Now Enjoy Them in the Spring" also posted this month.
    • Remove plants from your pots and other containers and empty the soil. Dump plants and soil into your compost pile; clean pots thoroughly and store them.
    • There is an annual argument as to whether you should cut back your perennials, grasses etc., in the fall, or leave them long for “winter interest”. Up here, most perennials are covered by 2 feet of snow, so you can’t see them anyway. Since Spring Clean-Up can be daunting and there can be wet weather, a late spring and/or instant summer, this year, I am opting for a BIG FALL CLEAN-UP to get a jump on spring 2022. Suit yourself.
    • Dig up and bring in dahlia tubers, tuberous begonias and gladiola corms, cala lily bulbs when the leaves turn yellow. Remove the soil and wash the tubers. Remove little cormlets from glad corms for more plants next year. Cure the tubers and corms for 2-3 weeks in a warm dry place. Place in trays and cover with dry compost, peat moss, sand or perlite. Store at about 5 C in a cold-cellar, or slightly heated garage.
    • Try potting up some spring bulbs like amaryllis and paperwhite narcissus and force them into bloom for Christmas and/or for late winter indoor colour. Different bulbs will require various lengths of cold to flower, so read the product packaging carefully. Store the bulbs in an area where they will not freeze (about 5°C). A fridge or cold cellar will work well for this.
    • Complete winterization procedures for plants, containers, drain hoses and clean all other garden equipment. To be a perfect gardener, sharpen tools and put linseed oil on wood handles. Paint small hand tool handles RED so you won’t lose them next spring.
    • Protect young trees from rodents by using wire collars or plastic protectors.
    • Hill up your hybrid Tea and Floribunda roses with 10 inches of compost covering the stems, or use a metal or plastic “Rose Collar” and fill it with compost before the ground freezes.
    • Create one or more Winter/Christmas urns using a variety of evergreen branches. Find branches with berries and add colour with red dogwood and dried hydrangea blossoms.
    • Check mulch levels in gardens. Pull mulch back 2”-3” from around shrub and tree trunks to discourage rodents. Add more compost or leaves to beds if you have them. Provides winter homes for pollinators and other insects.
    • Order seed catalogues for next spring.
    • And finally, buy your supply of Triple-19 fertilizer from the Co-Op in Markdale for March application ON TOP OF THE SNOW on all your garden beds. Then, you will have the fertilizer when the time comes to apply it in March. Many times, the Co-Op’s summer supply has not arrived until after the snow has gone from your garden beds.
     

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • October 31, 2021 8:13 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Bulbs, Bulbs, Beautiful Bulbs - Work Now, Enjoy Them in the Spring

    Spring flowering bulbs are the best blooming investment you can make in your garden, BUT you have to do the work NOW have beautiful blooms this spring! While you can plant bulbs into late November, get them into the ground in October or early November; water them well and their roots will grow vigorously this fall to give you better blooms next spring.

    Now, what to plant? There is a huge variety of spring bulbs, different colours, different heights and most important, different bloom times. Your objective should be to use this variety to generate the longest possible period of bloom, from snowdrops in early April to alliums in June.

     EARLY  MID SEASON  LATE
     Snow Drops  Trumpet Daffodils  Late Flowering Tulips
     Crocus  Hyacinth  Lili Tulips
     Anemone Blanda  Mid Season Tulips  Grape Hyacinths
     Mini Daffodils  Double Daffodils  Giant Alliums
     Early Single Tulips  Fritillaria Imperialis

    When buying bulbs, as in most things in life, SIZE MATTERS. Bigger bulbs make bigger blooms. Check out the size of the bulbs that are available. Look for 12-14 cm (the circumference of the bulb) or more for daffs and pay a little more for bigger bulbs. Some online suppliers provide mixed collections of different colours that will save you money. If you order from a catalogue, get your order in fast, as some suppliers run out of the most popular kinds early in the season. Gray Heron Nurseries (formerly Ormsby’s on Hwy 26 just before Meaford) still has a wide variety of bulbs available.

    Planting is easy. Select a sunny area, the more sun the better. If your garden is shady, don’t worry, plant very early bulbs which will enjoy the sun coming through the bare branches before they leaf out. Your soil should drain well, as bulbs don’t like wet feet. If you have clay soil, add 3 inches of sand or ravel to the bottom of the hole. Ideally, you should have a loose soil with lots of organic material like compost, at least for the soil used to fill up the hole over the bulbs.

    Plant bulbs in concentrated groups of 7 to 11 in several spots in your garden for a real show. Otherwise you will have a spotty “meals” display with little impact. Avoid long rows of say 20 daffs. Five groups of 5 (I know it’s 25) will be more impactful. Plant a minimum of 5 to 7 bulbs in each hole, with the bulbs spaced 3 inches apart. The experts say, always plant odd numbers of bulbs 5, 7 or 9. (I’m told it’s a design thing.) Check the package for the proper depth to plant, as it varies by type of bulb.

    Dig a good-sized hole to an inch below the correct depth, loosen up the soil at the bottom, add a sprinkle of “bulb food” or bone meal (formula 4 -10 – 4, make sure it’s a big middle number) and mix it in, tamp down the soil, add an inch of compost and set the bulbs in the compost. Fill up the hole with more soil/compost mix, adding a sprinkle of bone meal when the tops of the bulbs are covered by 1” of mix. For our cold winters, when the snow melts away in mid-January, it’s good to add a couple of inches of mulch over the planting hole. It will help keep the soil temperature more even. Pull it back in early spring and let the warm sun in. Reapply the mulch after blooming to deter weeds.

    Now what about pesky squirrels, chipmunks and skunks? They love tulips and will dig up your tulip bulbs this fall and eat the blooms in spring. Some people recommend moth balls on the top of the soil, but don’t go as far as a pellet gun. I recommend a piece of chicken wire placed an inch below the soil over hole where the tulips are planted and then and cover it up. You can add moth balls on the top of the soil for good measure The key is, the squirrels can’t get through the chicken wire, but next spring, the tulip stems will come right through the wire and bloom.

    Happy Gardening,

    John Hethrington, Master Gardener, Emeritus
    Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • October 01, 2021 9:00 AM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in October! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    October 2021:

    • after a warm summer, and 2 more weeks of summer in September, FALL is definitely here with the nightly risk of FROST.
    • There is an annual argument among gardeners as to whether you should cut back your perennials, ornamental grasses, etc., in the fall, or leave them long for “winter interest”. However, up here, most perennials are covered by 2 feet of snow, so you can’t see them anyway. Spring Clean-Up can be daunting. There may be wet weather, or a late spring. For these reasons, I am opting for a BIG FALL CLEAN-UP again this year to get a jump on spring 2022.
    • I say it’s time to trim back perennials and divide them as needed for your garden, or to give to your neighbors, or to pot them up for the St. George’s plant sale in June 2022 and get a Tax Receipt. Make sure it is a cool, cloudy day and add bone meal fertilizer to the pots, or your new plantings. October is a great time to plant perennials.
    • Buy and plant spring flowering bulbs. Add a little bulb fertilizer, like bone meal, to the bottom of the hole and water well to get the roots started. Your efforts NOW will bring big dividends in April and May 2022.
    • For a longer bloom season, plant a variety of bulbs, like winter aconite, snow drops and crocus. You can also plant early, middle and late blooming tulips and daffodils for a much longer season.
    • Place chicken wire just under the surface of the soil over any tulip bulbs you plant. The squirrels will hate you. Daffodils should not need this protection.
    • If there is an early frost warning, cover tender annuals overnight with an old bed sheet. They should make it through and keep on blooming.
    • Bring in house plants when the evenings start to cool down, or when you get a frost warning. First give them a thorough spray with insecticidal soap, so that there are no unwanted hitchhikers coming into your home.
    • Fertilize lawns with a low “first” number and high “middle” number or with a “Fall Formula” fertilizer.
    • Start cutting your grass much lower than in summer to avoid winter matted long grass next spring.
    • Water shrubs, evergreens and trees weekly and deeply at least until frost.
    • Buy the Triple-19 fertilizer now, so you will have it to put on the snow that will be covering your perennial gardens in March 2022. The problem is, the Co-Op may not have any in stock in mid-March next year, before the snow disappears. It’s available now at the Markdale CO-OP for $30.50 for a 50-pound bag.

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • August 26, 2021 4:33 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in September! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    September 2021:

    • Trim back perennials like Daylilies and Iris. Divide them as needed. Make sure it is a cool, cloudy day to divide and replant, or pot up for your neighbors or fall plant exchanges.
    • Buy and plant spring flowering bulbs. Your efforts will be rewarded next spring. Check out Botanus on line at www.botanus.com. Add a little bonemeal fertilizer or special bulb food to the bottom of the planting hole. Water well after planting to start root growth.
    • Take a critical look at your garden. Then fill in any gaps that may have developed with new perennials, shrubs and/or evergreens. They will get a huge head start over plants planted next spring.
    • Bring in house plants when the evenings start to cool down. First give them a thorough spray with insecticidal soap so that there are no unwanted hitchhikers coming into your home.
    • With cool nights and hoped for fall rains, it’s the ideal time for lawn repair. Dig out weeds, add clean, weed-free topsoil and re-seed. Water as required.
    • Fertilize lawns with root-building “Fall Fertilizer” with a low first number (nitrogen) and a high third number (potash).
    • Don’t use the lawn fertilizer you have left over from the spring, probably with a high first number (nitrogen). Save it for early next spring.
    • It’s been first, a dry summer and then lots of rain, so water perennials, shrubs, evergreens and trees deeply. Dig a little test hole, say 14”-16” deep. Check moisture levels at that depth. If the bottom of the hole is dry, water weekly until frost.

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • August 05, 2021 12:55 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in August! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    August 2021:

    • A cool dry May and June, followed by thundering rain, has made the weeds incredible. Keep adding mulch as it starts to work into the soil. Keep it at least 2 inches deep. It works to suppress weeds, keeps the soil cool and damp and protects the rain we get.
    • Sow vegetable seeds for a fall harvest e.g. spinach and some varieties of lettuce.
    • Tidy up plants and shrubs with a little judicious pruning, but early in the month.
    • Stake tall perennials against the wind. 
    • Cut your grass at least 2’’ high to combat drying out. Water well when needed, or when it is allowed.
    • Check out bulb catalogues and order before they are sold out (try www.botanus.com from BC for lots of unique varieties).
    • Order spring flowering bulbs now for planting in October. 
    • Fill in gaps in your flower garden with fall-flowering perennials, like mums and asters. Start drying flowers and herbs.
    • Start to divide daylilies, iris and peonies later in the month.
    • Collect seeds that have matured but not fallen from the plant. Once they have completely dried, store them in air tight containers in a cool location.
    • Take a hard look at your garden and decide where there are empty spaces for new plants this fall. Identify any plants that have not performed well and plan to replace them with a fall planting program of shrubs and perennials.
    • Early Fall is a great time to sow grass seed and plant perennials, trees and shrubs. You will l get a big jump on next Spring!

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • July 02, 2021 1:44 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in July! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    July 2021:
    • Watch for the Japanese beetle on your Lilies, Roses, Rose of Sharon, Dahlias, Hollyhocks, and numerous other plants. Handpicking and squeezing, combined with a beetle trap, are the most efficient way to limit these ravaging critters. Luckily, the little red devils don’t eat Day Lilies (Hemerocallis) 
    • Watch for earwigs and LDD moth (gypsy moth) caterpillars. Spray plants with a 40:1 mixture of water and dish soap. 
    • Ants are also a problem. The ant powder does not seem to work for me. Maybe the ants didn’t read the instructions to take it back to their nest. 
    • Trim evergreens, cedar hedges, etc., NOW as needed, not later in the summer. 
    • Stake straggly annuals and perennials, or pinch them back to promote new growth. 
    • Raise lawn mower blades for summer mowing. (Grass should be at least 5 - 7.5 cm (2 to 3 inches) high to stay healthy and weed free.) 
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs like Forsythia and Spirea after blooming,. If you really want to be picky, remove individual spent lilac blooms. 
    • Water flower beds deeply and try a second round of weeding. Add mulch again to keep the weeds at bay. 
    • Mulch your tomato plants. When a ripe tomato drops, it won’t split or get muddy. Mulch holds moisture too! 
    • Thin, hoe, weed and water vegetables as required. (This is why I stick to flowers) 
    • Water lawns and beds as deeply as you can. May was a record breaking NO RAIN month. Now we get downpours in late June. 
    • Tackle weeds now before they go to seed. 
    • Turn compost regularly and check the moisture level - not too wet, not too dry, like Goldilocks, just right.

    A big thank you to everyone who turned out for our second COVID Plant Sale at St. George’s, the Anglican Parish for the Blue Mountains, in Clarksburg. You bought over 1,000 donated plants. Thanks to the many plant donors TOO!

    Come to the Frog Hollow Garden Tour of my many different gardens on Saturday, July 31 (Civic Holiday Weekend). Proceeds to St. George’s church. Pre-purchase your $20 tickets on line at www.froghollowgardentour.ca to see our 2½ acre Frog Hollow Gardens. It’s a safe, socially-distanced, self-guided, timed entry tour. Refreshments will be served.

    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario


  • May 28, 2021 2:41 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in June! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    June 2021:
    • Summer is really here! Driest May in years! Get your annuals planted now. Add a little general-purpose fertilizer and water well.
    • Fertilize perennials, roses, shrubs and vegetables using a balanced fertilizer, not the one for your lawn. Pull back the mulch (that should already be there). Dig the fertilizer in lightly around each plant and replace the mulch.
    • Start cutting your lawn higher and leave cuttings on the lawn as “green” fertilizer.
    • Prune spring blooming shrubs and trees (lilac, forsythia) after they have flowered.
    • Prune evergreens and hedges now, not later in the summer.
    • Finish removing all daffodil and tulip flower stems. Leave leaves to mature and feed the bulb for next year. Add a little bone meal around bulb clumps to promote bulb growth for next year.
    • Stake or cage tomato plants, dahlias, gladiolas, peony plants, etc.
    • Thin vegetable seedlings and plant successive crops. (Plant a second crop as the first is maturing e.g. lettuce, spinach, radishes.)
    • Seed flowering cabbage/kale into garden rows for later transplanting.
    • Plant seeds of fast-growing flowers such as cosmos, marigold, calendula, etc.
    • If desired, move houseplants outside to protected areas.
    • Deadhead (cut off) faded blooms on plants such as petunia, rose, verbena, etc. This will promote continuous blooms and bushy plants for the second half of the summer.
    • Weed and water garden beds as needed.
    • Add mulch to suppress weed growth and hold in moisture. At least 2”.
    • Cut back by a third, late bloomers such as mums and asters. This will make them bushier and give them a mounded shape for the fall.
    • Turn compost regularly and check moisture level, not too wet, not too dry.
    • Take cuttings of perennials, shrubs, roses, etc. for rooting.
    • Watch for local plant sales like the Giant Plant Sale at St. George’s Anglican Church in Clarksburg on Saturday June 12, 2021. Approved by the Grey-Bruce Health Unit, it starts at a NEW TIME, 8 am. Entry by car only. Choose from a wide variety of choice perennials for sun or shade, named Daylilies, raspberry canes and shrubs at really reasonable prices. 599 Garden Club experts will provide advice. Also 255 tomato plants in 4 varieties. Your resident Master Gardener will be at the sale to answer your horticultural questions.


    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario

  • April 28, 2021 5:54 PM | Anonymous member (Administrator)

    Here are the things to do for your garden in May! Taken from the Ontario Master Gardener Calendar by John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario. Please contact John for more information, or to purchase a copy of the calendar of the full year’s tips.

    May 2021:

    There are lots of things to do in your garden, now that spring is here:

    • If not done already, clean up winter debris in the garden as soon as the soil is dry enough to work. Dig in manure or compost around perennials and shrubs and weed well. An extra hour weeding now will save 3 days later in the summer. Use a line to cut sharp straight edges for your beds. For curved edges, run hot water through a hose to soften it up and lay out a smooth curve. Watch you don’t chop the hose!
    • Take photos of your spring bulbs in the gardens so you will know if there are any gaps and where they are, when you plant more bulbs in the fall.
    • Plan to plant early blooming bulbs, like snowdrops and crocus, in the fall at places close to where you come in and out of the house. You will then be greeted by early signs of spring.
    • Add 3” to 4’” of mulch to flowerbeds and shrubs to conserve moisture and discourage weeds. Shredded cedar bark is best, but expensive. Try 13/Forty Landscape Supply (519-599-1340) for 3 grades of mulch.
    • Don’t walk on or roll lawns that are still full of water. It compacts the soil.
    • If your lawn is already compacted, rent an aerator and dig plugs out of the lawn. Let the plugs dry and rake them back into the lawn as a top dressing. Add grass seed to bare patches.
    • When dry, rake lawns vigorously to remove dead grass and thatch.
    • Spread weed-free topsoil on thin patches in your lawn. Apply grass seed, roll and water. Keep seed moist, but don’t flood.
    • If you find moss in your lawn, the soil is acidic. Apply dolomite lime before a rain.
    • If you have very big or deep pots or planters, put some empty plastic water bottles in the bottom of the pot to take up space the roots will never get to. It makes the planter or pot lighter and easier to move, if needed.
    • Prepare containers and pots for planting. Fill with a mixture of compost and potting soil. Add peat moss or better still, coconut coir to retain moisture.
    • Place pots with culinary herbs close to the kitchen door for easy access.
    • Pot up your extra perennials for spring plant sales at least 3 weeks before the sale. Use your best compost, not garden soil, in the pots. To be really fancy, add a little bone meal to the pot before you put the plant in. Add plant labels with the name (Botanical or common) colour, sun exposure, height, bloom time, etc. Water well and keep in the shade. 
    The St. George’s Anglican church annual COVID Plant Sale is planned for June 12, at the church in Clarksburg. Starts at 7 am. Info 519-599-3811.
    • Harden-off seedlings for at least a week before planting. Google the last frost date for your area and allow at least 2 weeks more before planting tender transplants such as annuals and tomatoes. This year, probably into early June.
    • Plant beans directly into the garden as they quickly germinate and will grow as long as the soil is warm. Maybe mid-May this year.
    • Install peony rings before the plants start to grow.
    • Monitor for the presence of slugs, cutworms, earwigs and tent caterpillars.
    • Control weeds in the lawn by hand pulling. Use nematodes to control grubs, which eat the grass roots leading to brown patches in the lawn in summer.
    • Prune roses according to type.
    • Dead-head faded tulips and daffodils and other spring bulbs, but do not cut or pull the leaves out until they are brown and decayed.
    • If you have any Fritillaries or Asian lilies (day lilies are beetle-free), now is the time to watch for the red lily beetle (adult, larva and eggs). So far, removal by hand is the best and only way to reduce the problem.


    John Hethrington, Past President, Master Gardeners of Ontario

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